31 March 2019, 4th Sunday of Lent (Year C)

31 March 2019, 4th Sunday of Lent (Year C)

Station at Holy Cross in Jerusalem


            N.B. On this Sunday, the day of the second scrutiny of the candidates for baptism, the Rite of Sprinkling replaces the usual form of the Penitential Rite. While the celebrant sprinkles the congregation, all sing the antiphon, women of schola will sing the verse, then all repeat antiphon. The Collect of the Mass immediately follows the concluding prayer of the rite.

AntiphonAsperges mePBC, p. 22

Offertory: Thou loving maker of mankind, p. 350, sung to the tune Rockingham, p. 341. 

Communion (Year C)Opportet te

RecessionalLift high the cross, p. 244.

Ordinary from Mass XVII, PBC, p. 71. No Kyrie today. Credo I, PBC, p. 75

The Introit antiphon has three phrases: 

1.    Laetare Jerusalem: et conventum facite omnes qui diligitis eam:

2.    gaudete cum laetitia, qui in tristitia fuistis:

3.    ut exsultetis, et satiemini ab uberibus consolationis vestrae.

This Sunday's Mass shows the first buds of the spring of Easter joy. Somewhat differently than the rather subdued Gaudete before Christmas, Laetare joy is fuller, reaching a climax at exsultetis. But even here the melody observes a restraint common to liturgical hymns. It contends itself with the range of a seventh. Laetare has b. for its highest note, and this will dominate diligitisJerusalem has as its highest note c, which is the supporting note for conventum facite. The clivis on the last syllable of Laetare is to be extended somewhat, but the conventum facite is almost like the ringing of bells, calling us to this joy.

            In the second sentence, the final cadence of the solemn lesson tone, c g d f, is continued over cum laetitia. Between the similar forms over (tristi)-tia and (fu)-istis, which are characterized by the melancholic effect of the repeated b, there is placed on the first syllable of this word an energetic b. The third sentence returns to the solemn tone of the first sentence and amplifies it. The vivid exsultetis closes with the dominant, while a tristropha prepares for the brilliantly executed satiemini. The word closes with a kind of modulation in A minor (a b a), which renders the second part of the sentence with its recurring b all the more effective. The broad intervals, fourths and fifths, also indicate the fullness of consolation; but this is achieved most effectively by the rich final cadence which rhymes with the first sentence. The final syllable of uberibus is rendered softly. The execution should bring out the sweetness of divine consolation. The exultant mode V breaks forth in the psalm verse, Laetatus sum, quickening the pace at the repeat of the antiphon.

(Year C) The Communion antiphon text is from Lk 15:32; it has three short phrases:

1.    Opportet te fili gaudere

2.    quia frater tuus mortuus fuerat et revixit

3.    perierat et inventus est 

In the Ordinary Form, we now sing this antiphon on the 4th Sunday of Lent in Year C when the Gospel of the Prodigal Son is read. The antiphon the key take-away quote from today's Gospel, the father’s admonition to his son about what our reaction should be to those who repent. This and the handful of other Communion antiphons that have a gospel text rather than a psalm have been the subject of much scholarly scrutiny. They appear in a large number of manuscripts, and appear to have entered the repertory earlier rather than later. Given the simplicity of the melodies, they were probably Office antiphons—perhaps for the Magnificat, though one manuscript assigns this antiphon to Sext—that were taken into the Mass formulary to reflect the day’s pericope. 

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